The US Department of Justice announced its first ever successful extradition from Germany of an Italian Romano Pisciotti, for the criminal cartel offence under Section 1 of the Sherman Act, arising out of marine hose cartel. Pisciotti carried out conspiracy by agreeing during meetings, conversations and communications to allocate shares of the marine hose market (Marine hose is a flexible rubber hose used to transfer oil between tankers and storage facilities) among the competitors; use of price list for marine hose sellers either by not submitting prices or bids or by submitting intentionally high prices or bids, all in accordance with the agreements reached among the conspiring companies. As a part of the conspiracy Pisciotti and his conspirators provided information received from customers in the United States and elsewhere about upcoming marine hose jobs to a co-conspirator who served as the coordinator of the conspiracy. That Coordinator acted as a clearinghouse for bidding information that was shared among the conspirators, and was paid by the manufacturers for coordinating the conspiracy. Pisciotti was charged with joining and participating in the conspiracy from at least as early as 1999 until at least November 2006.
Under the US's Bilateral Extradition treaties, for an extradition of a offender from a counterpart nation it is required that the alleged conduct be considered a crime, as opposed to civil violation, in both the US and the counterpart nation. This principle of dual criminality has in past prevented the U.S. from extraditing alleged the alleged criminals under antitrust law from countries without criminal antitrust laws. Pisciotti, was arrested in Germany on June 17, 2013, and surrendered to the U.S. authorities under the terms of the U.S.-Germany extradition treaty. If found guilty of violating the Sherman Act, Pisciotti will be facing a maximum 10 years in prison and a twice the loss suffered by the victims of the crime, if wither of those amounts is greater than statutory maximu